Spain’s power regulator has rejected an try by the federal government to prop up the nation’s oldest and most polluting coal energy vegetation, stating that Spain’s large overcapacity means it might probably safely shut a “vital a part of the prevailing coal fleet” with out undermining safety of provide. So write Gerard Wynn of IEEFA (Institute for Vitality Economics and Monetary Evaluation), Paolo Coghe of Paris-based indepdent consultancy Acousmatics, and Carlota Ruiz-Bautista of environmental regulation centre IIDMA (Instituto Internacional de Derecho y Medio Ambiente) in Madrid.
The assertion by the Comisión Nacional de Mercados y la Competencia (CNMC) is important, given an extended historical past of Spanish authorities intervention to help home coal extraction, and to help coal-fired energy technology burning each home and imported coal.
The CNMC assertion seems beneficial for one Spanish electrical utility, Iberdrola, which needs to shut its final two remaining coal vegetation, whereas making one other, Endesa, look out of step. Endesa needs to increase the lifetime of three of its coal energy vegetation, arguing that is vital to protect Spain’s safety of provide.
Political help for coal, coupled with uncompetitive gasoline provide contracts, has seen cleaner burning gas-fired energy vegetation stand idle whereas dirtier, older coal vegetation function at full capability.
Coal phaseout plans
Final November, the Spanish-government proposed a “Royal Decree”which might enable the Authorities to over-rule an organization wishing to close down an influence plant, if the federal government deemed that the plant was vital for safety of provide, or for one more financial cause, or if it discovered that its closure was incompatible with power planning.
The proposal appeared focused at Iberdrola’s coal phaseout plans.
Environmental organizations, corresponding to IIDMA (Instituto Internacional de Derecho y Medio Ambiente), objected on the premise that the proposal was in opposition to each Spanish and EU Legislation.
The CNMC has now made it clear that it agrees with IIDMA’s evaluation, noting that it might be opposite to European rules and be anti-competitive.
CNMC rejected the underlying justification for the royal decree, specifically to protect Spain’s safety of provide.
Spain has a capability margin of about 30% (as measured as the surplus of provide over peak demand) (see additionally this text by Gerard Wynn), far exceeding the protection cushion of 10-15% that grid operators may search. Regardless of this, the Spanish authorities has used a perceived menace to safety of provide to help capability funds for typical technology on the whole, and extra help for coal.
CNMC said: “The Spanish electrical energy system is not going to have issues of safety of provide within the medium nor the long run. (Even) within the worst state of affairs with demand peaking at 46,000 MW and low technology, a major a part of the prevailing coal park might be safely discarded.”
The discovering considerably undermines Endesa’s technique to take a position some €400 million in upgrades to maintain three of its coal energy vegetation working past 2030. Endesa has maintained that the upgrades are wanted to protect Spain’s safety of provide.
“Preserving environment friendly thermal capability will guarantee safety of provide, and keep away from extra prices to the system whereas decreasing emissions,” it said late final yr, in its 2018-2020 strategic plan.
The technique seems to ignore Spain’s idle gasoline technology, nonetheless, and over-capacity on the whole.
As IEEFA famous in a report final yr, tighter EU air air pollution requirements that take impact in 2021 provide Endesa a strategic alternative to interrupt with its coal legacy, and divert money for coal energy upgrades as a substitute in the direction of the extra progressive development plans of its mum or dad, Enel, in decentralised, digital and renewable power applied sciences.
CNMC in its resolution additionally appeared to name into query Spain’s capability market, which IEEFA has beforehand described as inefficient and poor worth for cash for Spanish shoppers.
The regulator mentioned: “CNMC considers that extra capability needs to be analyzed … bearing in mind that Spanish shoppers have paid vital funds for the supply of energy stations, because the liberalisation of the electrical energy sector (in 1997). The CNMC concludes that … it’s essential to evaluate the regulatory framework in a worldwide method: safety of provide methodology, energy plant mothballing, the capability fee mechanism, and the authorization process for brand spanking new installations.”
This text relies on a publish on the IEEFA web site, A Regulatory Blow to Spain’s Sponsored Coal-Fired Electrical energy Sector, revealed on 26 January 2018.
Paolo Coghe is a world power and monetary economist and proprietor of the Paris-based unbiased consultancy Acousmatics,
Carlota Ruiz-Bautista is a lawyer on the environmental regulation centre IIDMA(Instituto Internacional de Derecho y Medio Ambiente) in Madrid.